SNAP/Food Stamps

August 2016 Participation: More than 43.6 Million Americans

More on these numbers…

Take the SNAP/Food Stamp Challenge

Use FRAC’s materials to help you start up a Challenge in your community.


SNAP Retail Locator Tool

Use USDA’s SNAP Retail Locator tool to find retailers across the country that accept SNAP/Food Stamp EBT cards. The Locator offers interactive, street-level maps searchable by zip code or address, as well as downloadable lists of retailers by state. USDA also offers a Spanish language version.

Download the infographic 7 Actions to Stop SNAP Time Limits (jpg).

View USDA’s SNAP/Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents information.

Heat and Eat: State Responses to the Changed Federal Law

The SNAP/Food Stamp Program is the largest nutrition assistance program administered by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). The goal of the program is “to alleviate hunger and malnutrition … by increasing food purchasing power for all eligible households who apply for participation” as stated in the Food Stamp Act of 1977, as amended (P.L. 108-269).  The program provides monthly benefits to eligible low-income families which can be used to purchase food. Through the electronic benefit transfer systems (EBT) the use of food stamp “coupons” is no longer the means in which a client receives their benefits. EBT replaces paper coupons through use of a benefits card, similar to a bank card. USDA reports that all 50 states, DC, and Puerto Rico are now using EBT systems.

The federal government pays 100 percent of SNAP/Food Stamp program benefits. Federal and State governments share administrative costs (with the federal government contributing nearly 50 percent).

Every 5 years, the SNAP/Food Stamp program is reauthorized by Congress as part of the Farm Bill.  The reauthorization establishes who is eligible for SNAP/food Stamps and addresses program access, benefit levels, and other matters.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture through the Food and Nutrition Service continues to conduct research and studies aimed at improving the program. By improving access to the program in addition to on-going outreach and education, the USDA hopes to increase participation rates for those who are eligible for the SNAP/Food Stamps, but are not receiving benefits.

As of Oct. 1, 2008, SNAP is the new name for the federal Food Stamp Program. It stands for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. USDA has more information on the name change, as well as a chart of state names (pdf) for the SNAP program.