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The School Breakfast Program provides millions of children a nutritious morning meal each school day. School breakfast is a critical support for struggling families trying to stretch limited resources and provides children a significant portion of the nutrition they need to learn and be healthy.
More Children Need to be Reached With School Breakfast
FRAC’s recent school breakfast reports look at participation in the School Breakfast Program among low-income children for the 2018–2019 school year. On an average school day, nearly 12.4 million low-income students participated in the national School Breakfast Program, a nominal decrease of 0.1 percent over the prior school year.
Research Brief Shows That School Breakfast and Lunch Programs Continue to Have Multiple Positive Effects on Students’ Health, Learning, and Well-Being
School Meals are Essential for Student Health and Learning reviews the many benefits of the school meals programs, and summarizes the latest research on recent policy changes and innovative strategies that are increasing program access and improving student outcomes.
Report Highlights the Need for a National Approach to End School Meals Debt
Unpaid School Meal Fees: A Review of 50 Districts’ Policies highlights the varying practices included in districts’ unpaid meals policies, and provides a roadmap for Congress to develop a national policy.
Quick Facts: 2018–2019 School Year
- A little more than 12.4 million low-income children participated in the School Breakfast Program on an average school day.
- 93.6 percent of schools serving lunch also served breakfast.
- 57.5 low-income children participated in school breakfast for every 100 that participated in school lunch.
Any public school, nonprofit private school, or residential child care institution can participate in the School Breakfast Program and receive federal funds for each breakfast served. The program is administered at the federal level by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and in each state typically through the department of education or agriculture.
To find out the agency that administers the program in your state, check USDA’s list of state administering agencies.
Follow this link to USDA guidance on the School Breakfast Program.
Explore These Topics
- Benefits of School BreakfastStarting the day with a healthy school breakfast ensures that children have the nutrition they need to learn and thrive. A wide body of research supports the health and educational benefits of participation in the School Breakfast Program. Find out more about the research.
- School Breakfast Expansion StrategiesThe most successful strategies for increasing school breakfast participation are to serve breakfast after the bell and offer free breakfast to all students in high-poverty schools. Find out how to make these strategies work in your state or community.
- Community Eligibility ProvisionCommunity eligibility allows high-poverty schools and districts offer breakfast and lunch at no charge to all students and realize significant administrative savings. Many schools have opted to combine community eligibility with proven models like breakfast in the classroom, to boost breakfast participation.
- State School Breakfast LegislationStates have passed a variety of types of legislation to increase school breakfast participation, including legislation for Breakfast in the Classroom. Find out more.
- State Advocacy OpportunitiesState and local advocacy can have a dramatic impact on school breakfast participation — whether it is passing legislation to support school breakfast expansion, raising awareness of low participation rates in your state, or working to bring stakeholders together to support expansion of breakfast in the classroom. Advocates across the country have implemented these effective strategies to boost breakfast participation in their states and communities. Find out more.
- Eligibility and ReimbursementsLow-income children are eligible to receive meals for free or at a reduced-price based of their household income or participation in other government programs, such as SNAP. Find out more about how children are certified for free and reduced-price school meals.
- Serving Breakfast in Rural School DistrictsSchool breakfast is particularly important for low-income students in rural communities who are more likely than their peers in metropolitan areas to live in food-insecure households, and, who often face additional barriers to accessing the program. Learn more in our fact sheet: School Breakfast in Rural Communities – Get the Facts.
- Breakfast for Learning Education AllianceThe purpose of the Breakfast for Learning Education Alliance is to inform our members, affiliates, and networks about the important educational benefits of school breakfast and to promote the broader implementation of proven strategies to increase school breakfast participation, such as breakfast in the classroom.
Breakfast for Learning Education Alliance Statement of Support
Co-developed with The American Federation of Teachers (AFT), the “Breakfast Blueprint” is a guide focused on breakfast after the bell programs — such as breakfast in the classroom, “grab and go” breakfast, and second chance breakfast — because they are increasingly popular, are well-researched, and have successfully helped schools and districts improve students’ access to nutritious foods.
- School Breakfast After the Bell: Equipping Students for Academic Success – Secondary School Principals Share What Works
Co-developed with the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP), this report highlights the experiences of 105 secondary school principals from 67 districts that have integrated breakfast as a part of the school day by implementing a breakfast after the bell program, and provides insights into program benefits and best practices regarding how to launch a similar program.
Co-developed with the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP), this toolkit provides guidance to principals in how to effectively partner with their school nutrition department to bring “grab and go” breakfast, second-chance breakfast, or breakfast in the classroom programs to their schools.
Co-developed with the National Association of Elementary School Principals, this report provides guidance for principals interested in implementing Breakfast in the Classroom at their schools, and insights into the leadership they can provide to build a strong and sustainable program.
- Increasing Breakfast Participation to Improve Student Outcomes Fact Sheet for School Social Workers
Co-developed with the School Social Work Association of America (SSWAA), this resource provides school social workers with research and information to advocate for breakfast after the bell programs in their schools.
- Increasing Breakfast Participation to Improve Student Health Fact Sheet for School Nurses
Co-developed with the National Association of School Nurses (NASN), this resource provides school nurses with research and information to advocate for breakfast after the bell programs in their schools.