Disasters are especially challenging to handle in the midst of COVID-19. Luckily, Federal Nutrition Programs already have resources in place to address the unique needs of this time. Explore below to learn more about about specific state guidance for current disasters and disaster response options from the Federal Nutrition Programs.

Current Disaster Relief

  • General Guidance
    On October 8 as Hurricane Delta was headed towards the Gulf Coast, USDA put out a reminder about potential relief available to assist victims with nutrition needs during recovery.
  • Alabama
    In the wake of last fall’s Hurricane Zeta, on January 4, USDA approved Alabama’s request to operate D-SNAP in 7 counties.

    A new online portal allows Alabama households hard but by Hurricane Sally to preregister for federal D-SNAP benefits.

    On September 30, USDA authorized Alabama to operate D-SNAP in three counties (Baldwin, Escambia, and Mobile) that were hard hit by Hurricane Sally. D-SNAP will be conducted in two counties from October 5 through October 9, and in Mobile County for five week days starting on October 13.

    On September 30, USDA announced the approval of D-SNAP for disaster areas affected by Hurricane Sally.

    On September 24, USDA approved Alabama’s request to issue automatic mass partial SNAP replacement benefits to SNAP households in three counties hard hit by Hurricane Sally.

  • California
    On April 6, USDA approved an extension through April 30 the time for California SNAP households impacted by Mono Wind power outages to seek replacement of SNAP benefits.

    On January 18, USDA approved California’s request for an extension of time for SNAP households impacted the Mono Wind event to seek SNAP replacement benefits.

    On November 25, in the wake of wildfires, USDA approved California’s request for an extension of time for SNAP households in Mono County to seek replacement benefits.

    On November 16, USDA approved California’s request to issue automatic mass SNAP replacement benefits hard hit by October 14 power outages.

    On October 26, USDA approved a temporary waiver to allow CalFresh (SNAP) benefits to purchase hot prepared foods in 25 counties impacted by wildfires.

    Preregistration for Disaster CalFresh (D-Calfresh) opens October 7. Outreach materials are available in English and Spanish.

    On October 6, USDA approved California’s request to issue automatic mass partial replacement benefits to CalFresh households in 16 zip codes in 10 counties hard hit by wildfires and power outage; USDA also extended to October 26, 2020, the time for CalFresh households to seek replacement benefits due to food loss.

    On September 29, USDA approved California’s request to operate Disaster CalFresh in nine counties impacted by wildfires and, in light of COVID-19, to do so using several “novel procedures” to supplement onsite application intake with remote methods. Specifically, prior to the application period, California will operate a pre-registration by phone, and then during the application period, the state will conduct interviews by telephone using a “call out” model. This is distinguished from the “call in” model used in states (Florida and Louisiana) that have online D-SNAP preregistration systems. Application periods for Disaster CalFresh will run weekdays from October 14 through 22 in Lake, Monterey, Napa, San Mateo, Santa Cruz, Solano, Sonoma, and Yolo counties and weekdays from October 21 through October 29 in Butte County.

    On September 29 USDA approved D-SNAP for residents in California counties hard hit by wildfires.

    On September 24 USDA approved California’s request to allow SNAP participants in six counties impacted by wildfires to purchase hot prepared foods with their SNAP benefits.

    On Sept. 21 2020, USDA approved California’s request to issue mass SNAP benefit replacements to households in 83 zip codes impacted by wildfires and power outages.

    On Sept. 3, 2020, FNS approved California’s request to issue SNAP mass replacements to impacted households. This waiver approval allows households to receive replacement of 50 percent of August benefits for 23 zip codes in 12 counties as a result of wildfires and power outages.

    Replacing SNAP (CalFresh) benefits and Hot Prepared Food waivers (Wildfires)

  • Connecticut
  • Florida
    On September 29, USDA approved Florida’s request to issue automatic mass partial SNAP replacement benefits to SNAP households in two counties (Escambia and Santa Rosa) that were hit hard by Hurricane Sally.
  • Iowa
    In the wake of severe storms last August, on January 5, USDA approved Iowa’s request to expand D-SNAP to Clinton county and be operational from January 25 through January 29.

    USDA has approved D-SNAP for 10 additional counties hit hard by the recent Derecho and the application process will roll there in waves during the weeks of September 15 and 22. One county had already gotten D-SNAP approval in August.

    D-SNAP (Derecho)

    Replacing SNAP benefits and Hot Prepared Food waivers (Derecho)

  • Kentucky

    In the wake of winter storms and outrages in February, USDA has approved an extension to time through March 8 for Kentucky SNAP households to request replacement SNAP benefits.

  • Louisiana

    On March 27, FNS approved Louisiana’s request to operate D-SNAP in 23 parishes impacted by a serious winter storm in February. The first of a two-phase application period will open on April 5. The Louisiana Department of Families and Children has posted details on the schedule for residents of 23 parishes hard hit by winter storms to apply for D-SNAP.

    On March 17, FNS extended through March 31 time for SNAP households in two Louisiana parishes hard hit by recent storms to request replacement benefits.

    In addition to its earlier authorization for Louisiana to issue partial mass replacement benefits to SNAP household in 3 parishes, USDA has extended the time for all Louisiana SNAP households to request replacement benefits in the wake of winter storm and power outages.

    On February 23, USDA approved partial SNAP replacement benefits for participants in three parishes hit hard by winter storms and power outages.

    On January 26, USDA authorized Louisiana to operate Disaster SNAP (D-SNAP) in 6 parishes hard hit by Hurricane Zeta last fall. The application period opens on February 1.

    On January 14, USDA approved Louisiana’s request to expand D-SNAP to more parishes had hit by Hurricane Delta in fall 2020.

    In the wake of Hurricane Zeta, Louisiana and the City of New Orleans are conducting damage assessments and prepare to request authority to operate Disaster SNAP (D-SNAP) for which residents can preregister now.

    On November 2, USDA approved Louisiana’s request to issue automatic mass SNAP replacement benefits to SNAP participants hard hit by Hurricane Zeta.

    On October 22, USDA approved Louisiana’s request to operate Disaster SNAP for residents in five parishes hard hit by Hurricane Delta.

    On October 21, FNS approved Louisiana’s request to issue automatic mass SNAP benefit replacements to SNAP households hard hit by Hurricane Delta.

    On October 11, USDA approved Louisiana’s amended request to operate a Disaster Household Distribution (DHD) program in parishes hard hit by Hurricane Delta.

    On September 30, in the wake of Hurricane Laura, USDA extended the hot prepared foods waiver through October 31 for Louisiana SNAP households.

    On September 11 USDA approved another 2 parishes for Disaster SNAP (D-DNAP) aid to households hard hit by Hurricane Laura, bringing to 18 the total number of parishes in which D-SNAP will be offered.

    USDA approves automatic mass replacement benefits for SNAP households hard hit by Laura and D-SNAP for others

    Schedule and instructions for Hurricane Laura households to apply for D-SNAP in Louisiana.

    In the wake of Hurricane Laura USDA has authorize Louisiana to operate Disaster SNAP (D-SNAP) “for 16 parishes in two phases – one beginning this week and the other next week. Operations will be entirely virtual due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Louisiana will share information about D-SNAP application dates and locations through local media.”

    Louisiana SNAP benefits for September were issued early and also can be used to purchase hot prepared foods as Hurricane Laura recovery efforts continue. Louisiana is preparing a request for authority to get Disaster SNAP (D-SNAP) benefits to residents not already participating in SNAP and is already accepting pre registrations for D-SNAP.

  • Massachusetts
  • Mississippi
    On November 5, USDA  approved Mississippi’s request to extend the time for SNAP households in 13 counties hit hard by Hurricane Zeta to seek replacement SNAP benefits.
  • New York
    Replacing SNAP benefits (Tropical Storm Isiais)
  • North Carolina
    On August 31, USDA granted NC authority to issue automatic mass SNAP replacement benefits to SNAP households in 11 North Carolina counties hard hit by Tropical Storm Isiais.
  • North Dakota
  • Oregon
    On February 21 USDA approved an extension of time for SNAP households in nine counties hard hit by winter storms and power outages to request replacement benefits.

    On November 23, 2020, USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service approved SNAP and D-SNAP recipients in 23 Oregon counties, including Douglas, to purchase hot or prepared foods from authorized SNAP retailers until the end of the year.

    On October 17, 2020, pre-registration for D-SNAP in Oregon opened and will remain open through October 22, 2020. In light of COVID-19, the applications will be completed online from October 23 through October 28.

    On October 16, USDA approved Oregon’s request to operate Disaster SNAP for residents in 8 counties impacted by wildfires.

    On October 7, USDA approved an extension of times for Oregon SNAP households impacted by wildfires to request replacement SNAP benefits.

    On September 29, USDA authorized Oregon to operate on Disaster Household Distributions (DHD) program in four counties hard hit by wildfires and widespread power outages. The initiative is aimed at helping supplement food banks’ supplies.

    On September 23, USDA approved Oregon’s request to allow SNAP participants impacted by wildfires an extension of time to request SNAP replacement benefits.

  • Texas

    On February 24, USDA authorized Texas to issue mass replacement benefits onto EBT cards for SNAP households in 66 counties impacted by winter storms and power outages. See also announcement from Texas Governor Abbott.

    In the wake of mid-February storms, USDA approved a statewide waiver to allow hot prepared food purchases with SNAP through March 31, 2021. See also announcement from Texas Governor Abbott.

    In the wake of Hurricane Laura, USDA has granted Texas authority to use USDA foods from TEFAP for a disaster food distribution in Orange County through September 22 “or until such time as D-SNAP is implemented.”

    Automatic mass SNAP benefit replacements (Hurricane Hannah)

There are several ways to leverage SNAP resources to aid in disaster recovery.

  1. Disaster declarations
  2. Replacement benefits
  3. D-SNAP flexibilities
  4. Hot prepared food waivers
  5. Case processing flexibilities
  6. Restaurant Meals (Letter from FRAC and restaurant association partners)

Fact Sheet

Opportunities for Schools to Provide Disaster Relief Through the Child Nutrition Programs
In the aftermath of a disaster, school districts can provide critical support to students and their families by providing nutritious meals to students through the child nutrition programs.
Disaster Relief
Child Nutrition Programs