Data and Publications

To gauge the success and reach of the federal nutrition programs, FRAC charts participation in these programs through monthly updates, annual publications, and additional research. This section of FRAC’s website contains the latest reports and data for all the major federal nutrition programs.

Latest Reports

Summer Meals

summer_report_cover_2015Hunger Doesn’t Take a Vacation: Summer Nutrition Status Report
FRAC’s annual report measures states on the rate of participation of low-income children in the federally-funded Summer Nutrition Programs. After three years of significant growth, national participation plateaued in Summer 2015. During July 2015, the Summer Nutrition Programs served nearly 3.2 million children, an increase of 11,000 (.3 percent) from 2014.

School Breakfast

breakfast-scorecard-coverSchool Breakfast Scorecard, School Year 2014-2015
FRAC’s annual report measures states on the rate of participation of low-income children in the federally-funded School Breakfast Program. Nationally, school breakfast participation grew steadily in the 2014-2015 school year, continuing a trend of rapid expansion over the last decade.

breakfast-large-districts-report-coverSchool Breakfast: Making it Work in Large School Districts
This report examines participation in 73 of America’s largest school districts, and takes an in-depth look at how they are increasing breakfast to reduce hunger and boost the health and academic outcomes of the nation’s most vulnerable children. Among the school districts in this report, 136,022 more low-income students ate a nutritious morning meal on an average day in school year 2014–2015 compared to the previous school year, with 50 districts showing gains in participation.

bic-report-frac-nassp-coverBreakfast After the Bell: Equipping Students for Academic Success, Secondary School Principals Share What Works
A joint report from the Food Research & Action Center (FRAC) and the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) — surveyed 105 secondary school principals in 67 school districts to get their first-hand take on successful school breakfast programs. The survey found that principals seeking to improve participation found results by moving breakfast out of the cafeteria and using an alternative method – such as “grab and go” carts from hallways – to serve the meal and integrate breakfast into the school day.


snap_people_disabilities_report_coverSNAP Matters for People with Disabilities
Poverty, hunger, and food insecurity disproportionately affect Americans who have communicative, mental, or physical disabilities. In this report, FRAC examines SNAP’s role among programs to assist people with disabilities as well as rules and policies that make SNAP accessible and responsive. It also looks at current law to provide recommendations on how to strengthen SNAP’s support for people with disabilities through state policy options, agency practices, and outreach.

Food Hardship

food_hardship_cover_2014How Hungry is America? FRAC’s National, State and Local Index of Food Hardship
This report contains food hardship data for the nation, every state, and 100 of the country’s largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). It found that one in six Americans (17.2 percent) said in 2014 that there had been times over the past 12 months that they didn’t have enough money to buy food that they or their families needed. Hunger exists in every state in the country, and 98 of the largest 100 surveyed Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) have at least one in eight (12.5 percent or more) households reporting food hardship.

School Breakfast

school_breakfast_paid_trendsSchool Breakfast Program: Trends and Factors Affecting Student Participation
This report examines trends in school breakfast participation over the past decade, and finds rapid growth in this program both before and after the new, improved nutrition standards for breakfast were introduced. found that free and reduced-price student breakfast participation increased as the new nutrition standards were implemented. Participation among students who pay most of the cost of their own meals (“paid” students) remained stable. A companion piece examines changes in lunch participation.

School Lunch

nslp_report_coverNational School Lunch Program: Trends and Factors Affecting Student Participation
This analysis delves into the complex and long-term economic and policy-related causes that are leading to changes in participation levels. It shows that lower family incomes and improvements to the eligibility process for school meals have led to a continuous increase in participation among low-income children; and rules on pricing of meals for other children have contributed to a multi-year decline in participation for those with higher family incomes.