To gauge the success and reach of the federal nutrition programs, FRAC charts participation in these programs through monthly updates, annual publications, and additional research. This section of FRAC’s website contains the latest reports and data for all the major federal nutrition programs.
How Hungry is America? FRAC’s National, State and Local Index of Food Hardship
This report contains food hardship data for the nation, every state, and 100 of the country’s largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). It found that one in six Americans (17.2 percent) said in 2014 that there had been times over the past 12 months that they didn’t have enough money to buy food that they or their families needed. Hunger exists in every state in the country, and 98 of the largest 100 surveyed Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) have at least one in eight (12.5 percent or more) households reporting food hardship.
School Breakfast Program: Trends and Factors Affecting Student Participation
This report examines trends in school breakfast participation over the past decade, and finds rapid growth in this program both before and after the new, improved nutrition standards for breakfast were introduced. found that free and reduced-price student breakfast participation increased as the new nutrition standards were implemented. Participation among students who pay most of the cost of their own meals (“paid” students) remained stable. A companion piece examines changes in lunch participation.
National School Lunch Program: Trends and Factors Affecting Student Participation
This analysis delves into the complex and long-term economic and policy-related causes that are leading to changes in participation levels. It shows that lower family incomes and improvements to the eligibility process for school meals have led to a continuous increase in participation among low-income children; and rules on pricing of meals for other children have contributed to a multi-year decline in participation for those with higher family incomes.