The bar graphs below show the average rate of food insufficiency, which means sometimes or often not having enough to eat, in the previous seven days. Food insufficiency rates are calculated from the Census Household Pulse Survey data.

      • Select a time period of Pulse data in the drop-down menu. The time period is presented in “weeks” used by the Census Pulse data, which encompasses two calendar weeks. There is a legend that matches each week to the corresponding dates.
      • Select “All” states to compare food insufficiency across all states and D.C. in a given time period.
      • Select a single state to compare results from different groups within a state in a given time period.

Why are some states missing data in the bar charts? While the Census gathers a large sample and attempts to include as diverse of a sample as possible, some states have small populations of certain groups. Therefore, a sample for a given two-week survey period might not include enough people to represent a group for certain states. These states are not included to reflect that there were insufficient data to calculate a reliable rate of food insufficiency.

What do the black lines represent? The black lines represent the upper and lower limits that make up the estimate’s 95 percent confidence interval. Because each estimate reflects food insufficiency rates calculated from a sample of the population rather than the entire state’s population, the estimate has some degree of uncertainty. The 95 percent confidence interval means there is a 95 percent possibility that the true rate of food insufficiency for the state lies between the upper and lower limits of the confidence interval.

What does “2+ or Other” race mean? Not enough respondents identify as multiracial, American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), or Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander (NHPI). Therefore, the Census includes all of these groups in the “Two or More Races or Other” category. For more information on how COVID-19 has affected these communities, please see FRAC’s research briefs on hunger, poverty, and health during COVID-19: Spotlight on American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) Communities and Spotlight on Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Communities.