Documentation Project Shows How States Implemented a New Program to Provide Food Benefits to Up to 30 Million Low-Income School Children

Pandemic EBT (P-EBT) is a new state option launched in the spring of 2020 under authority provided in the Families First Coronavirus Response Act to address the food needs of low-income children during COVID-related school closures. Under P-EBT, states provide directly to families receiving free or reduced-price school meals the value of missed breakfasts and lunches via a SNAP-like benefit card. Every state, the District of Columbia, and the Virgin Islands implemented P-EBT.

The Food Research & Action Center and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities conducted a rapid assessment project to document the development and implementation of P-EBT benefits covering the spring of 2020. The project identified the various approaches states took to implement P-EBT, as well as key preliminary lessons state officials and other stakeholders have learned. This information will help states to strengthen implementation efforts when Congress extends this option for the FY2020-2021 school year. We’ve posted the information we gathered below; we will continue to update this page with additional analyses and resources.

Report: P-EBT Implementation Documentation Project, Full Report

FRAC and CBPP conducted a rapid assessment project to document the development and implementation of P-EBT benefits covering the spring of 2020. This report, by Kone Consulting, identifies the various approaches states took to implement P-EBT in the spring and summer of 2020, as well as key preliminary lessons state officials and other stakeholders have learned.

State-specific profile tables with key aspects of each state’s P-EBT implementation approach

Click on a state to view its P-EBT profile, or use the links below.

Resource library

This searchable database contains resources related to P-EBT implementation for the 2019-2020 school year developed by state agencies and other stakeholders, which were gathered between April and September 2020.

State Case Studies

Alabama, Arizona, Kansas, Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Wisconsin

Spreadsheet with underlying information collected on key aspects of each state’s P-EBT implementation approach

Also see www.cbpp.org/pebt