FRAC/CBPP P-EBT Documentation Project Shows How States Implemented a New Program to Provide Food Benefits to Up to 30 Million Low-Income School Children

Pandemic EBT (P-EBT) is a new state option launched in the spring of 2020 under authority provided in the Families First Coronavirus Response Act to address the food needs of low-income children during COVID-related school closures. Under P-EBT, states provide directly to families receiving free or reduced-price school meals the value of missed breakfasts and lunches via a SNAP-like benefit card. Every state, the District of Columbia, and the Virgin Islands implemented P-EBT.

The Food Research & Action Center and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities conducted a rapid assessment project to document the development and implementation of P-EBT benefits covering the spring of 2020. The project identified the various approaches states took to implement P-EBT, as well as key preliminary lessons state officials and other stakeholders have learned. This information will help states to strengthen implementation efforts when Congress extends this option for the FY2020-2021 school year. We’ve posted the information we gathered below; we will continue to update this page with additional analyses and resources.

State-specific profile tables with key aspects of each state’s P-EBT implementation approach

Click on a state to view its P-EBT profile, or use the links below.

Resource library

This searchable database contains resources related to P-EBT implementation for the 2019-2020 school year developed by state agencies and other stakeholders, which were gathered between April and September 2020.

Summary Report:  Coming soon

Case studies of 8 states: Coming soon

Spreadsheet with underlying information collected on key aspects of each state’s P-EBT implementation approach: Coming soon

Also see