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Texas
Profile of Hunger, Poverty, and Federal Nutrition Programs
Demographics, Poverty, and Food Insecurity
Population (2019)
Value
Total People
28,995,881
Children (Under Age 18)
7,399,810
Income and Poverty (2018)
Value
Median Household Income
$60,629
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
25
Total People Living In Poverty
4,180,675
Poverty Rate
14.9%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
12
Children (Under Age 18) Living In Poverty
1,545,362
Child Poverty Rate
21.1%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
12
Total People Living Below 185% of Federal Poverty Level
8,842,771
Food Insecurity and Food Hardship
Value
Number of Households that are Food Insecure (2016–2018, 3-year average)
1,453,760
Percent of Households that are Food Insecure (2016-2018, 3-year average)
14.0%
Number of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2016–2018, 3-year average)
560,736
Percent of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2016–2018, 3-year average)
5.4%
Percent of Households Struggling Against Food Hardship (2016-2017, 2-year average)
16.7%
Federal Nutrition Programs
School Breakfast Program (School Year 2018–2019)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
1,931,623
Free and Reduced-Price Students
1,706,449
Paid Students
225,174
Change in Free and Reduced-Price Participation in Last 10 Years
34.9%
Free and Reduced-Price Students Participating in School Breakfast per 100 in School Lunch
63.3
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
9
Additional Free and Reduced-Price Students Served if Reached School Breakfast to Lunch Ratio of 70:100
179,615
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Participation Ratio Reached 70:100
$52,171,740
Number of Schools Participating
8,503
Schools Offering School Breakfast per 100 Offering School Lunch
100.5
Federal Funding for School Breakfast
$597,505,152
School Breakfast Mandate in State Law (Yes/No)
Yes
National School Lunch Program (School Year 2018–2019)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
3,354,842
Free and Reduced-Price Students
2,694,377
Paid Students
660,465
Number of Schools Participating
8,457
Federal Funding for School Lunch
$1,518,148,283
Summer Nutrition Participation (July 2018)
Value
Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in July
178,430
July Summer Food Service Participation
85,268
July National School Lunch Participation in Free and Reduced-Price Lunch
93,162
Change in Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in Last 10 Years
-6.2%
Summer Nutrition Participation as a Ratio to Regular Year Free and Reduced-Price School Lunch Participation
7.2
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
48
Additional Low-Income Children Served if Reached Ratio of 40:100
810,220
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Reached Ratio of 40:100
$65,633,891
Number of Summer Food Service Sponsors
248
Number of Summer Food Service Sites
3,194
Federal Funding for Summer Food Service Program
$27,621,030
SNAP/Food Stamp Program
Value
Average Monthly Participation (Individuals) (FY 2018)
3,895,207
Change in Participation in Last 5 Years (FY 2013–FY 2018)
-3.6%
Average Monthly Benefit per Person (FY 2018)
$118
Participation Rate of Eligible Persons (FY 2016)
73.0%
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
45
Participation Rate of Eligible Working Poor (FY 2016)
70.0%
Program Access Index (PAI) - Ratio of SNAP Participants to Low-Income Population (CY 2017)
71.6%
Annual Federal Funding for SNAP/Food Stamps (FY 2018)
$460,431,456
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) (FY 2019)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
681,555
Women
186,793
Infants
178,938
Children
315,825
Change in Average Monthly Participation in the last 10 Years (FY 2009–FY 2019)
-31.3%
Federal Funding for WIC
$478,168,090
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) (FY 2019)
Value
Number of Participating Family Child Care Homes
3,935
Family Child Care Home Average Daily Participation of Children
31,955
Change in Family Child Care Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
-10.3%
Number of Participating Child Care Centers (Includes Head Start)
6,873
Child Care Center Average Daily Participation of Children (Includes Head Start)
737,289
Change in Center Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
200.0%
Federal Funding for CACFP
$428,692,442
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) (FY 2018)
Value
Federal Entitlement Funding
$21,996,477
Federal Bonus Commodity Funding
$27,641,305
Administrative Funding
$9,481,991
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) (FY 2018)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
53,337
Federal Funding for CSFP
$17,488,706
State Economic Security Policies
Minimum Wage (2020)
Value
State Minimum Wage
$7.25
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) (2020)
Value
State EITC (Yes/No)
No
Refundable (Yes/No)
N/A
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
Value
Average Monthly Participation (FY 2018)
57,201
Adults
7,089
Children
50,112
Maximum TANF Benefit, Single-Parent Family of Three (FY 2018)
$290
Federal and State Funding for Cash Assistance (FY 2017)
$50,837,006