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New Jersey
Profile of Hunger, Poverty, and Federal Nutrition Programs
Demographics, Poverty, and Food Insecurity
Population (2019)
Value
Total People
8,882,190
Children (Under Age 18)
1,938,578
Income and Poverty (2018)
Value
Median Household Income
$81,740
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
3
Total People Living In Poverty
832,133
Poverty Rate
9.5%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
47
Children (Under Age 18) Living In Poverty
264,253
Child Poverty Rate
13.7%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
39
Total People Living Below 185% of Federal Poverty Level
1,762,779
Food Insecurity and Food Hardship
Value
Number of Households that are Food Insecure (2016–2018, 3-year average)
289,935
Percent of Households that are Food Insecure (2016-2018, 3-year average)
8.5%
Number of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2016–2018, 3-year average)
105,741
Percent of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2016–2018, 3-year average)
3.1%
Percent of Households Struggling Against Food Hardship (2016-2017, 2-year average)
13.2%
Federal Nutrition Programs
School Breakfast Program (School Year 2018–2019)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
325,980
Free and Reduced-Price Students
262,957
Paid Students
63,023
Change in Free and Reduced-Price Participation in Last 10 Years
84.1%
Free and Reduced-Price Students Participating in School Breakfast per 100 in School Lunch
59.5
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
20
Additional Free and Reduced-Price Students Served if Reached School Breakfast to Lunch Ratio of 70:100
46,456
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Participation Ratio Reached 70:100
$13,493,902
Number of Schools Participating
2,175
Schools Offering School Breakfast per 100 Offering School Lunch
82.8
Federal Funding for School Breakfast
$94,603,662
School Breakfast Mandate in State Law (Yes/No)
Yes
National School Lunch Program (School Year 2018–2019)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
678,258
Free and Reduced-Price Students
442,019
Paid Students
236,239
Number of Schools Participating
2,626
Federal Funding for School Lunch
$261,656,012
Summer Nutrition Participation (July 2018)
Value
Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in July
95,512
July Summer Food Service Participation
70,625
July National School Lunch Participation in Free and Reduced-Price Lunch
24,887
Change in Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in Last 10 Years
38.3%
Summer Nutrition Participation as a Ratio to Regular Year Free and Reduced-Price School Lunch Participation
22.7
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
6
Additional Low-Income Children Served if Reached Ratio of 40:100
72,754
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Reached Ratio of 40:100
$5,893,647
Number of Summer Food Service Sponsors
128
Number of Summer Food Service Sites
1,426
Federal Funding for Summer Food Service Program
$11,682,912
SNAP/Food Stamp Program
Value
Average Monthly Participation (Individuals) (FY 2018)
760,303
Change in Participation in Last 5 Years (FY 2013–FY 2018)
-13.2%
Average Monthly Benefit per Person (FY 2018)
$111
Participation Rate of Eligible Persons (FY 2016)
81.0%
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
35
Participation Rate of Eligible Working Poor (FY 2016)
69.0%
Program Access Index (PAI) - Ratio of SNAP Participants to Low-Income Population (CY 2017)
68.7%
Annual Federal Funding for SNAP/Food Stamps (FY 2018)
$84,387,856
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) (FY 2019)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
134,936
Women
32,106
Infants
32,525
Children
70,305
Change in Average Monthly Participation in the last 10 Years (FY 2009–FY 2019)
-20.2%
Federal Funding for WIC
$140,976,427
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) (FY 2019)
Value
Number of Participating Family Child Care Homes
359
Family Child Care Home Average Daily Participation of Children
1,920
Change in Family Child Care Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
-35.0%
Number of Participating Child Care Centers (Includes Head Start)
1,193
Child Care Center Average Daily Participation of Children (Includes Head Start)
69,855
Change in Center Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
18.4%
Federal Funding for CACFP
$87,643,601
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) (FY 2018)
Value
Federal Entitlement Funding
$5,832,212
Federal Bonus Commodity Funding
$6,779,017
Administrative Funding
$2,447,049
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) (FY 2018)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
5,565
Federal Funding for CSFP
$1,767,109
State Economic Security Policies
Minimum Wage (2020)
Value
State Minimum Wage
$11
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) (2020)
Value
State EITC (Yes/No)
Yes
Refundable (Yes/No)
Yes
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
Value
Average Monthly Participation (FY 2018)
26,300
Adults
5,996
Children
20,304
Maximum TANF Benefit, Single-Parent Family of Three (FY 2018)
$454
Federal and State Funding for Cash Assistance (FY 2017)
$96,528,608