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Texas
Profile of Hunger, Poverty, and Federal Nutrition Programs
Demographics, Poverty, and Food Insecurity
Population (2017)
Value
Total People
28,304,596
Children (Under Age 18)
7,366,039
Income and Poverty (2016)
Value
Median Household Income
$56,565
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
26
Total People Living In Poverty
4,261,337
Poverty Rate
15.6%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
13
Children (Under Age 18) Living In Poverty
1,619,026
Child Poverty Rate
22.4%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
14
Total People Living Below 185% of Federal Poverty Level
8,925,652
Food Insecurity and Food Hardship
Value
Number of Households that are Food Insecure (2014-2016, 3-year average)
1,433,289
Percent of Households that are Food Insecure (2014-2016, 3-year average)
14.3%
Number of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2014-2016, 3-year average)
561,288
Percent of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2014-2016, 3-year average)
5.6%
Percent of Households Struggling Against Food Hardship (2016-2017, 2-year average)
16.7%
Federal Nutrition Programs
School Breakfast Program (School Year 2016-2017)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
1,890,464
Free and Reduced-Price Students
1,616,283
Paid Students
274,181
Change in Free and Reduced-Price Participation in Last 10 Years
42.7%
Free and Reduced-Price Students Participating in School Breakfast per 100 in School Lunch
62.8
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
10
Additional Free and Reduced-Price Students Served if Reached School Breakfast to Lunch Ratio of 70:100
183,882
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Participation Ratio Reached 70:100
$51,379,296
Number of Schools Participating
8,425
Schools Offering School Breakfast per 100 Offering School Lunch
100.2
Federal Funding for School Breakfast
$566,476,493
School Breakfast Mandate in State Law (Yes/No)
Yes
National School Lunch Program (School Year 2016-2017)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
3,313,300
Free and Reduced-Price Students
2,571,665
Paid Students
741,635
Number of Schools Participating
8,408
Federal Funding for School Lunch
$1,445,195,933
Summer Nutrition Participation (July 2017)
Value
Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in July
197,088
July Summer Food Service Participation
106,303
July National School Lunch Participation in Free and Reduced-Price Lunch
90,785
Change in Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in Last 10 Years
0.0%
Summer Nutrition Participation as a Ratio to Regular Year Free and Reduced-Price School Lunch Participation
8.2
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
45
Additional Low-Income Children Served if Reached Ratio of 40:100
767,801
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Reached Ratio of 40:100
$57,892,156
Number of Summer Food Service Sponsors
246
Number of Summer Food Service Sites
3,020
Federal Funding for Summer Food Service Program
$33,518,276
SNAP/Food Stamp Program
Value
Average Monthly Participation (Individuals) (FY 2017)
3,921,278
Change in Participation in Last 5 Years (FY 2012 - FY 2017)
-2.9%
Average Monthly Benefit per Person (FY 2017)
$123
Participation Rate of Eligible Persons (FY 2015)
70.0%
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
46
Participation Rate of Eligible Working Poor (FY 2015)
67.0%
Program Access Index (PAI) - Ratio of SNAP Participants to Low-Income Population (FY 2016)
67.3%
Annual Federal Funding for SNAP/Food Stamps (FY 2017)
$483,762,656
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) (FY 2017)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
821,873
Women
218,681
Infants
204,132
Children
399,061
Change in Average Monthly Participation in the last 10 Years (FY 2007 - FY 2017)
-8.7%
Federal Funding for WIC
$535,210,651
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) (FY 2017)
Value
Number of Participating Family Child Care Homes
4,621
Family Child Care Home Average Daily Participation of Children
37,695
Change in Family Child Care Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
6.2%
Number of Participating Child Care Centers (Includes Head Start)
6,282
Child Care Center Average Daily Participation of Children (Includes Head Start)
530,746
Change in Center Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
167.7%
Federal Funding for CACFP
$398,007,200
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) (FY 2017)
Value
Federal Entitlement Funding
$23,055,848
Federal Bonus Commodity Funding
$19,627,525
Administrative Funding
$7,483,244
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) (FY 2017)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
44,738
Federal Funding for CSFP
$13,206,037
State Economic Security Policies
Minimum Wage (2018)
Value
State Minimum Wage
$7.25
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) (2018)
Value
State EITC (Yes/No)
No
Refundable (Yes/No)
N/A
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
Value
Average Monthly Participation (FY 2017)
64,233
Adults
7,433
Children
56,800
Maximum TANF Benefit, Single-Parent Family of Three (FY 2017)
$285
Federal and State Funding for Cash Assistance (FY 2016)
$53,812,127