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Michigan
Profile of Hunger, Poverty, and Federal Nutrition Programs
Demographics, Poverty, and Food Insecurity
Population (2018)
Value
Total People
9,995,915
Children (Under Age 18)
2,164,668
Income and Poverty (2017)
Value
Median Household Income
$54,909
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
34
Total People Living In Poverty
1,377,766
Poverty Rate
14.2%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
16
Children (Under Age 18) Living In Poverty
419,449
Child Poverty Rate
19.7%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
18
Total People Living Below 185% of Federal Poverty Level
2,816,775
Food Insecurity and Food Hardship
Value
Number of Households that are Food Insecure (2015–2017, 3-year average)
548,488
Percent of Households that are Food Insecure (2015-2017, 3-year average)
13.6%
Number of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2015–2017, 3-year average)
241,980
Percent of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2015–2017, 3-year average)
6.0%
Percent of Households Struggling Against Food Hardship (2016-2017, 2-year average)
15.1%
Federal Nutrition Programs
School Breakfast Program (School Year 2017–2018)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
398,001
Free and Reduced-Price Students
331,976
Paid Students
66,025
Change in Free and Reduced-Price Participation in Last 10 Years
62.4%
Free and Reduced-Price Students Participating in School Breakfast per 100 in School Lunch
58.9
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
22
Additional Free and Reduced-Price Students Served if Reached School Breakfast to Lunch Ratio of 70:100
62,364
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Participation Ratio Reached 70:100
$17,693,604
Number of Schools Participating
3,021
Schools Offering School Breakfast per 100 Offering School Lunch
91.5
Federal Funding for School Breakfast
$113,039,520
School Breakfast Mandate in State Law (Yes/No)
Yes
National School Lunch Program (School Year 2017–2018)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
790,665
Free and Reduced-Price Students
563,343
Paid Students
227,322
Number of Schools Participating
3,301
Federal Funding for School Lunch
$302,224,398
Summer Nutrition Participation (July 2017)
Value
Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in July
66,414
July Summer Food Service Participation
54,511
July National School Lunch Participation in Free and Reduced-Price Lunch
11,903
Change in Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in Last 10 Years
0.0%
Summer Nutrition Participation as a Ratio to Regular Year Free and Reduced-Price School Lunch Participation
12.7
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
30
Additional Low-Income Children Served if Reached Ratio of 40:100
142,543
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Reached Ratio of 40:100
$10,747,754
Number of Summer Food Service Sponsors
312
Number of Summer Food Service Sites
1,667
Federal Funding for Summer Food Service Program
$10,266,958
SNAP/Food Stamp Program
Value
Average Monthly Participation (Individuals) (FY 2018)
1,281,862
Change in Participation in Last 5 Years (FY 2013–FY 2018)
-27.8%
Average Monthly Benefit per Person (FY 2018)
$123
Participation Rate of Eligible Persons (FY 2016)
100.0%
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
1
Participation Rate of Eligible Working Poor (FY 2016)
96.0%
Program Access Index (PAI) - Ratio of SNAP Participants to Low-Income Population (CY 2017)
74.9%
Annual Federal Funding for SNAP/Food Stamps (FY 2018)
$157,836,448
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) (FY 2018)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
213,964
Women
46,266
Infants
53,973
Children
113,725
Change in Average Monthly Participation in the last 10 Years (FY 2008–FY 2018)
-10.2%
Federal Funding for WIC
$162,440,970
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) (FY 2017)
Value
Number of Participating Family Child Care Homes
3,685
Family Child Care Home Average Daily Participation of Children
29,705
Change in Family Child Care Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
-11.9%
Number of Participating Child Care Centers (Includes Head Start)
1,574
Child Care Center Average Daily Participation of Children (Includes Head Start)
66,648
Change in Center Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
65.0%
Federal Funding for CACFP
$73,706,592
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) (FY 2017)
Value
Federal Entitlement Funding
$8,274,781
Federal Bonus Commodity Funding
$8,376,449
Administrative Funding
$2,776,121
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) (FY 2017)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
71,599
Federal Funding for CSFP
$21,498,820
State Economic Security Policies
Minimum Wage (2019)
Value
State Minimum Wage
$9.25
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) (2018)
Value
State EITC (Yes/No)
Yes
Refundable (Yes/No)
Yes
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
Value
Average Monthly Participation (FY 2018)
31,270
Adults
5,650
Children
25,620
Maximum TANF Benefit, Single-Parent Family of Three (FY 2018)
$492
Federal and State Funding for Cash Assistance (FY 2017)
$133,132,023