2002 SNAP Data

JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember


December 2002

Food Stamp Participation Jumps in December 2002 to More Than 20.5 Million Persons; Is Almost 1.8 Million Persons Higher Than One Year Earlier

December 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in December 2002 (the latest data available) increased by 221,013 persons from the previous month, to 20,520,064 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The December 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of almost 1.8 million persons compared to the December 2001 level, and about 3.3 million persons compared to December 2000.

As the economy improved and many states failed to get food stamps to low-income families who had left cash welfare for low-paid work, caseloads dropped through 1998 and 1999. They then stabilized and began rising in 2000.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply.

Participation nationally has risen in 25 of the last 29 months.

Participation in December 2002 rose in 47 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.

States with the largest increases over the one year period were: Oklahoma (27.8 percent), Arizona (22.0 percent), Tennessee (21.0 percent), and South Carolina (17.9 percent).
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November 2002

Food Stamp Participation Jumps in November 2002 to 20.3 Million Persons; Is 1.8 Million Persons Higher Than One Year Earlier

November 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in November 2002 (the latest data available) increased by 180,075 persons from the previous month, to 20,331,881 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The November 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 1.8 million persons compared to the November 2001 level, and about 3.2 million persons compared to November 2000.

As the economy improved and many states failed to get food stamps to low-income families who had left cash welfare for low-paid work, caseloads dropped through 1998 and 1999. They then stabilized and began rising in 2000.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply.

Participation nationally has risen in 24 of the last 28 months.

Participation in November 2002 rose in 47 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.

States with the largest increases over the one year period were: Oklahoma (27.9 percent), Arizona (24.1 percent), Tennessee (20.4 percent), Utah (19.5 percent), South Carolina (18.5 percent), and Delaware (17.5 percent). Over the last five years Oregon had by far the largest growth in the program — 60 percent, while California had the largest decline — more than 32 percent.

From November 1997 to November 2002, while participation in California fell by nearly 700,000 persons, participation in the rest of the country rose by 1,235,000 persons (7.1 percent).
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October 2002

Food Stamp Participation Jumped by 332,700 Persons in October 2002; Level Topped 20.1 Million Persons

October 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in October 2002 (the latest data available) increased by 332,700 persons from the previous month, to 20,115,941 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The October 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 1.8 million persons compared to the October 2001 level, and of more than 3 million persons compared to October 2000. It was, on the other hand, almost 700,000 persons lower than the level five years earlier, in October 1997, as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented and when the economy still had three years of substantial growth ahead.

Participation nationally has risen in 23 of the last 27 months.

Participation in October 2002 rose in 46 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply.

States with the largest increases over the one year period were: Oklahoma (34.6 percent), Louisiana (26.1 percent), Arizona (26.0 percent), Delaware (24.3 percent), South Carolina (21.9 percent), and Alaska (20.2 percent). Over the last five years Oregon had by far the largest growth in the program — over 56 percent, while California had the largest decline — 32 percent.
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September 2002

Food Stamp Participation Increases in September 2002; Is Almost 2.8 Million Persons Higher Than in September 2000

September 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in September 2002 (the latest data available) increased by 86,357 persons from the previous month, to 19,783,217 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The September 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 1.9 million persons compared to the September 2001 level, and of almost 2.8 million persons compared to September, 2000. It was, on the other hand, more than 1.2 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in September 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented and when the economy still had three years of substantial growth ahead.

Participation has risen in 22 of the last 26 months.

Participation in September 2002 rose in 48 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. States with the largest increases over the one year period were mostly Western states: Oklahoma (28.8 percent increase), Delaware (27.5 percent increase), Arizona (26.0 percent increase), Nevada (25.8 percent increase), Alaska (21.5 percent increase), Idaho (19.5 percent increase), and Utah (19.4 percent increase). Over the last five years Oregon had by far the largest growth in the program — over 56 percent, while California had the largest decline — 31 percent.
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August 2002

Food Stamp Participation Increases in August 2002; Is 2.7 Million Persons Higher Than in August 2000

August 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in August 2002 (the latest data available) Jumped by 353,483 persons from the previous month, to 19,696,785 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The August 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 1.9 million persons compared to the August 2001 level, and of about 2.7 million persons compared to August, 2000. It was, on the other hand, more than 1.8 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in August 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented and when the economy still had three years of substantial growth ahead.

Participation has risen in 21 of the last 25 months.

Participation in August 2002 rose in 48 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. States with the largest increases over the one year period were mostly Western states: Nevada (30.1 percent increase), Delaware (29.7 percent increase), Arizona (28.5 percent increase), Oklahoma (27.1 percent increase), Alaska (20.4 percent increase), Idaho (19.0 percent increase), and Oregon (18.1 percent increase).
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July 2002

Food Stamp Participation Increases in July 2002; Is 2.4 Million Persons Higher Than in July 2000

July 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in July 2002 (the latest data available) increased by 23,935 persons from the previous month, to 19,344,019 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The July 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 1.8 million persons compared to the July 2001 level, and of more than 2.4 million persons compared to July, 2000. It was, on the other hand, more than 2.4 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in July 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented and when the economy still had three years of substantial growth ahead.

Participation has risen in 20 of the last 24 months.

Participation in July 2002 rose in 47 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. States with the largest increases over the one year period were mostly Midwestern and Western states: Nevada (34.0 percent increase), Arizona (31.4 percent increase), Delaware (30.0 percent increase), Oklahoma (23.7 percent increase), Oregon (20.8 percent increase), and Wisconsin (20.5 percent increase).
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June 2002

Food Stamp Participation Dips Slightly from May to June 2002; Is 2.2 Million Persons Higher Than in June 2000

June 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in June 2002 (the latest data available) dipped by 7,067 persons from the previous month, to 19,318,853 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The June 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 1.8 million persons compared to the June 2001 level, and of more than 2.2 million persons compared to June, 2000, but was more than 2.8 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in June 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented and when the economy still had three years of substantial growth ahead.

Participation has risen in 19 of the last 23 months.

Participation in June 2002 rose in 48 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. States with the largest increases over the one year period were Nevada (43.1 percent increase), Arizona (29.2 percent increase), Delaware (27.5 percent increase), Oklahoma (25.9 percent increase), Wisconsin (22.2 percent increase), Idaho (19.9 percent increase), Oregon (19.6 percent increase), Alaska (19.3 percent increase), South Carolina (19.1 percent increase), and Utah (17.5 percent increase).
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May 2002

Food Stamp Participation Increases in May 2002; Is 2 Million Persons Higher Than in May 2001

May 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in May 2002 (the latest data available) increased by 152,831 persons from the previous month, to 19,325,272 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The May 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 2 million persons compared to the May 2001 level, and of 2.3 million compared to May, 2000, but was more than 3 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in May 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented and when the economy still had two years of substantial growth ahead.

Participation has risen in every month in the last year except April, and in 19 of the last 22 months.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. States with the largest increases over the one year period were Nevada (42.0 percent increase), Arizona (30.6 percent increase), Delaware (28.8 percent increase) and Oregon (28.8 percent increase).

Participation in May rose in 48 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.
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April 2002

Food Stamp Participation Dips in April 2002, But is 2 Million Persons Higher Than in April 2001

April 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program in April 2002 (the latest data available) dipped by 50,189 persons from the previous month, to 19,172,853 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The April 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 2 million persons over the April 2001 level, and of 2.4 million compared to July, 2000, but was still almost 4 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in April 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. States with the largest over the year increases were Nevada (43.0 percent increase), Arizona (32.2 percent increase), and Oregon (28.8 percent increase).

Participation in April rose in 47 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.
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March 2002

Food Stamp Participation Increases in March 2002 for Twelfth Straight Month

March 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program increased in March 2002 (the latest data available) by 198,669 persons from the previous month, to 19,223,042 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. March, 2002 was the twelfth straight month with an increase.

Increases in participation in 2001 and 2002 likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. States with the largest over the year increases were Nevada (44.6 percent increase), Arizona (32.4 percent increase), and Oregon (30.6 percent increase).

The March 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of nearly 2 million persons over the March 2001 level, and of 2.4 million compared to July, 2000, but was still almost 4 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in March 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented.

Participation in March rose in 48 states and the District of Columbia compared to a year earlier.
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February 2002

Food Stamp Participation Increases in February 2002 for Eleventh Straight Month
Recent Trends Likely Reflect Weakened Economy as well as Growing Efforts to Connect Eligible People with Benefits

February 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program increased in February 2002 (the latest data available) by 114,689 persons from the previous month, to 19,024,839 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA.

Increases in participation likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. Oregon, a state that has made a range of efforts to reach eligible people, has seen its participation increase by one-third in the last year.

The February 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of more than 2 million persons over the February 2001 level, but was still more than 4.4 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in February 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented.
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January 2002

Food Stamp Participation Increases in January 2002 for Tenth Straight Month
Recent Trends Likely Reflect Weakening Economy as well as Growing Efforts to Connect Eligible People with Benefits
Bolstering Food Stamp Program’s Reach and Counter-cyclical Impacts Should be Priority for Farm Bill

January 2002 participation data tables (pdf)

Participation in the Food Stamp Program increased in January 2002 (the latest data available) by 186,899 persons from the previous month, to 18,873,285 persons, according to FRAC’s analysis of preliminary data from USDA. The January 2002 number represented a growth of nearly 2 million persons compared to 11 months earlier – February 2001.

Increases in participation likely have been driven by improved access to the program in a growing number of states, and by the weakened economy, causing more households to apply. Oregon, a state that has made a range of efforts to reach eligible people, has seen its participation increase by more than one-third in the last year.

The January 2002 level of Food Stamp Program participation represented a rise of nearly 2 million persons over the January 2001 level, but was still more than nearly 4.8 million persons lower than the level five years earlier, in January 1997, just as much of the 1996 welfare law began to be implemented.

“The growing need combined with the fact that participation is still down so much over the last five years shows how urgent it is that the Farm Bill now in a Senate-House Conference Committee include the full range of provisions intended to reach more needy people in the Food Stamp Program,” said James Weill, FRAC President.

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