Disparities in Food Insecurity

Hunger affects all Americans, but it does have a disproportionate impact on particular communities. Hispanic Americans, Black households, and rural households are especially hit hard by hunger and poverty.

Hispanic Americans

  • Nearly one in four (23.7 percent) Hispanic households experienced food insecurity in 2013, a significantly higher rate than the national average (14.3 percent). Among Hispanic households, 17.0 percent faced low food security and 6.7 percent faced very low food security, the most severe incidence of food insecurity.
  • More than one-quarter (28 percent) of Hispanic households with children faced food insecurity in 2013, a much higher rate than the national average of 19.5 percent.

Black Households

  • One in four (26.1 percent) Black non-Hispanic households experienced food insecurity in 2013, a significantly higher rate than the national average (14.3 percent).
  • Among Black households, 15.9 percent faced low food security and 10.1 percent faced very low food security in 2013, the most severe incidence of food insecurity.  32.6 percent of Black households with children faced food insecurity.

Rural Households

  • In 2013, 15.1 percent of nonmetropolitan households experienced food insecurity, slightly below the rate of metropolitan areas (14.1 percent). The rates for households with children are even higher: twenty-two percent of rural households with children are food insecure.
  • In 2013, the prevalence of food insecurity was higher in the South (15.7 percent) and West (14.1 percent) than the Midwest (13.6 percent) and Northeast (12.4 percent).