Food Hardship

Map

Food Hardship Rate in 2010-2011 by Congressional District
(Click on image for full size pdf version.)

FRAC’s food hardship analyses provide a unique up-to-date examination of how millions of American households in every part of the country are struggling with hunger. Data are available for the nation, every state, 100 of the country’s largest MSAs, and every congressional district.

A respondent is defined to have experienced food hardship if he or she answers yes to the following question: “Have there been times in the past twelve months when you did not have enough money to buy food that you or your family needed?”

FRAC’s analysis reveals that no community is free from hunger. According to the latest data:

  • Mississippi has the worst rate among states, with one in four households (24.5 percent) reporting food hardship, but 30 states have more than one in six households answering “yes” and the “best” state, North Dakota, still had one in ten households struggling with food hardship.
  • While California is home to two of the worst MSAs (Fresno and Bakersfield), 96 of the 100 largest MSAs had at least one in eight households reporting food hardship in 2011.
  • The five worst congressional districts are in Arizona, California, Florida, New York, and Texas, but 384 congressional districts had at least one in eight households reporting food hardship.
  • Regionally, the hardest hit were the Southeast and Southwest regions. Every region except for the Mountain Plains had higher food hardship rates in 2011 than in 2010.

About the data

The food hardship question is being asked as part of a survey conducted by Gallup through the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index project, and provided to FRAC to be analyzed. Gallup is interviewing 1,000 households per day almost every day since January 2, 2008 for this project. More than one million people have been asked a series of questions on a range of topics including emotional health, physical health, healthy behavior, work environment and access to basic services.

Previous reports in this series:

(Links are to pdf files.)

Food Hardship in America 2012: Data for the Nation, States, 100 MSAs, and Every Congressional District
Analysis: More than One in Six Americans Report Inability to Afford Enough Food.
Released: February 2013

Food Hardship 2008-2012: Geography and Household Composition
Analysis: Data for the Nation, States, Regions, and 100 MSAs
Released: September 2013

Nearly One in Five American Households Report Inability to Afford Enough in Food During First Six Months of 2012
Released: August 2012

New FRAC Analysis Finds Food Hardship Prevalent in Rural Districts
Released: April 2012

Food Hardship in America 2011: Data for the Nation, States, 100 MSAs, and Every Congressional District
Analysis:
Shows continuing struggles with hunger for millions throughout 2011, as nearly one in five Americans said there were times they didn’t have enough money to buy food that they or their families needed.
Released:
February 2012

Food Hardship in America: Households with and without Children
Analysis:Nearly One in Four of Nation’s Households with Children Report Inability to Afford Enough Food. Examines food hardship rates for households with and without children for the nation, states, 100 of the country’s largest MSAs, and every congressional district.
Released: August 2011

Food Hardship in America: Data for the Nation, States, 100 MSAs, and Every Congressional District
Analysis: Adding regional data, this analysis is the second full review of food hardship data, updated through 2010. It examines food hardship rates for the nation, regions, states, 100 of the country’s largest MSAs, and every congressional district.
Released: March 2011

Food Hardship in America: State Data through June 2010
Analysis: Examines food hardship rates by state in the first half of 2010.
Released: December 2010

Food Hardship: Data for the Nation through September 2010
Analysis: Contains national food hardship data and trends for the first nine months of 2010 (January through September).
Released: November 2010

Food Hardship – Data for the Nation, States, 100 MSAs, and Every Congressional District
Analysis: First in the series, this analysis contains food hardship data for 2008 and 2009 for the nation, every state, 100 of the largest MSAs, and every congressional district. It also contains an examination of food hardship rates among households with and without children on the national and state level, as well as 50 of the largest MSAs.
Released: January 2010

 


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