Farm Bill 2014

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On February 7, President Obama signed the Agriculture Act of 2014 (H.R. 2642, the 2014 Farm Bill) into law. The bill includes $8.6 billion in cuts to SNAP.

Farm Bill Resources

About the Farm Bill

The Farm Bill is a comprehensive piece of legislation that guides and authorizes funding for most federal farm and food policies, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Every five years, Congress renews the Farm Bill through the reauthorization process. Title IV of the Farm Bill covers domestic food and nutrition and commodity distribution programs. See a list of programs. The last Farm Bill was passed in 2008.

SNAP is one of seven strategies essential for meeting the goal of ending childhood hunger by 2015. SNAP is important because the program is critical to struggling households and to the nation and its economy. When the national economy or a regional, state or area economy is in trouble, the program is among the most effective government responses. It reacts quickly and robustly when economic or natural disasters strike.

The House Agriculture Committee and the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Committee have jurisdiction over the Farm Bill.

Domestic food and nutrition and commodity distribution programs in the Farm Bill:

For Americans below the Poverty Line:

  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)/Food Stamps
  • The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)

For Seniors:

  • Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP)
  • Seniors Famers’ Markets

For Children and Low Income Families:

  • USDA Snack Program
  • Community Food Project Grants

For American Indians:

  • Food Distribution Programs
  • Natively grown food support
  • For Urban Agriculture:
  • Urban Food Enterprise Development Center


  • Bill Emerson National Hunger Fellowship Program
  • The Mickey Leland International Hunger Fellowship Program
  • The Hunger-Free Communities Collaborative Grant Program
  • The Hunger-Free Communities Infrastructure Grant Program